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Nationalization of DayCare

Children are the future treasure of our country and should be treated as such.  Every child should have the opportunity to grow and expand his/her own potential.  A Nationalized Daycare system, supported by taxpayer funding would do just that.  Not every parent can afford a nanny or live in babysitter.  By having professional college educated caretakers being paid a suitable salary would afford each and every child the opportunity to succeed.  Many have the attitude, it "Sucks to be You."  This needs to change because a community raises every child.  And to be blunt:  These children are our future and it should be a future for all children, nationwide.

Germany has: "Introduced on 1 August 2013, childcare reform in Germany promotes a rights-based approach. Every child between the age of 1 and 3 has the legal right to early childhood support in a day care centre or day nursery. It is argued that the availability of day care for young children is one of the most important factors influencing people’s decisions whether or not to have children. With a rapidly ageing society, the introduction of the legal right to childcare provision is seen as a measure that is aimed at contributing to long-term demographic change.'  Caring for children in Europe

Maternity leave is usually understood as a health and welfare measure, intended to protect the health of the mother and newborn child, to be taken just before, during and immediately after childbirth.
Paternity leave is usually taken soon after the birth of a child, and is intended to enable a father to spend time with his partner, new child and older children.
Parental leave is available to both parents. It is generally understood to be a care measure intended to give parents the opportunity to spend time caring for a young child. It usually can only be taken after the end of maternity leave. Parental leave can be either: (1) a non-transferable individual right (i.e. both parents have an entitlement to an equal amount of leave), or (2) an individual right that can be transferred to the other parent, or (3) a family right that parents can divide between themselves as they choose. In some countries parental leave consists only of non-transferable individual entitlements; in other countries it is a family right; while in other countries part of parental leave is an individual right and the remainder is a family right.  SOURCE: Based on Moss (2013).

 

"In almost every community across the United States, a year of child care costs more than a year at a public university-in some cases twice as much. Subsidy systems favor the poor, but subsidies (unlike tax breaks) depend on the level of appropriations. Congress does not appropriate enough money and, therefore, most of the children who qualify for subsidies do not receive them. In 1999, under federal rules 15 million children were elibible to receive benefits, but only 1.8 million actually received them. Middle- and working-class families can receive neither kind of subsidy. An Urban Institue study suggests that some parents place their children in care they consider unsatisfactory because other arragenments are just too expensive. The quality of care thus differs drastically depending on the parents' income, geographic location, diligence in search out alternatives and luck."  Caring for our Young-Child Care in Europe and the United States

A list of articles and papers concerning Daycare systems with comparisons with other countries are listed below:

Topic (links to subject)

Brief Summary of topic
Affordable and Secure Child Care Contributes to a More Productive Workforce & Helps Resolve Work-Family Conflict

Americans work longer hours than workers in most other developed countries including Japan where they have a word, karoshi, for “death by overwork.” The typical American middle-income family averaged 11 more hours of work a week in 2006 than it did in 1979.  The competitive American workplace has increasingly eliminated time for a worker’s obligation to family responsibilities. in light of this trend, parents now more than ever need access to secure and affordable child care and other tools in order to balance their familial needs while meeting their work obligations.

Caring for children in Europe The European Platform for Investing in Children (EPIC) was set up to provide information about policies that can help strengthen the capacities of children and their families to face the unprecedented challenges that exist in the current economic climate in Europe. Its purpose is to share the best of policymaking for children and families, and to foster cooperation and mutual learning in the field. This is achieved through information provided on the EPIC website, which enables policymakers from the Member States to search evidence-based practices from around the EU and to share knowledge about practices that are being developed, and also by bringing together government, civil society and European Union representatives for seminars and workshops to exchange ideas and to learn from each other.
Caring for Infants and Toddlers This article has carefully considered the pros and cons, and the incentive effects, of various policy options. But it is important not to lose sight of the bottom line message in the comparative data. When one considers the three main types of policies that countries enact to support families in arranging care for children in early childhood—parental leave, child care, and early childhood benefits—the United States clearly provides less support to families with children under age three than all its peer nations. It is also true, as noted earlier, that the United States has a weaker system of health and social services programs for families with infants and toddlers than other countries. This lack of public support means that parents in the United States bear a larger share of the costs of raising a young child than parents bear in other countries.
Caring for our Young-Child Care in Europe and the United States Integrated with the school system, French child care is intended primarily as early education. All children, rich and poor, immigrant or not, are part of the same national system, with the same curriculum, staffed by teachers paid good wages by the same national ministry. No major political party or group opposes the system.
Child Care in Europe: Admirable but Not Perfect, Experts Say Public financing is "the only way you insure quality and access," said Bronwen Cohen, the British member of the European Commission's Child Care Network. "If you make it simply a market matter," she added, "you don't actually provide child care for all who need it, and that can create a kind of apartheid of child care. Good-quality child care is labor-intensive and it is expensive."
ChildCare "America has become a society in which everyone is expected to work—including women with young children. But many of society's institutions were designed during an era of male breadwinners and female homemakers. What is needed is a …reform of the institutions and policies that govern the workplace to ensure that women can participate fully in the economy and that men and women have the time and resources to invest in their children."
Child Care and Parental Leave in the Nordic Countries: A Model to Aspire to?

Looking at the specific schemes, clearly differences exist between the Nordic countries. Iceland started somewhat later than the other Nordic countries in introducing a number of welfare schemes. Thus, there is not much research available yet on intergenerational mobility or other effects of the relatively new policies introduced in Iceland. However, Icelandic women have now taken the absolute lead with respect to labor force participation, and Icelandic men have had an impressive increase in their take-up of parental leave days. Icelandic women still face considerably lower wages than their male colleagues, but an interesting question for future research will be to study the long term effects of these recent and substantial changes in Icelandic family policies – in particular to assess whether Iceland has found a model which other countries, even the other Nordic countries, may want to aspire to.

Child Care-The Hell of American Day Care One indicator of the importance that the United States places on child care is how little official information the country bothers to collect about it. There are no regular surveys of quality and no national database of safety problems. One of the only serious studies, by Julia Wrigley and Joanna Dreby, appeared in the American Sociological Review in 2005. The researchers cobbled together a database of fatalities from state records, court documents, and media reports. On the surface, they said, day care appears “quite safe,” but looking closer, they discovered “striking differences.” The death rate for infants in home settings—whether in their own houses with a nanny or in home day cares—was seven times higher than in centers. The most common causes included drowning, violence—typically, caregivers shaking babies—and fire.
Child Poverty & Family Economic Hardship The experiences of children and families who face economic hardship are far from uniform. Some families experience hard times for brief spells while a small minority experience chronic poverty. For some, the greatest challenge is inadequate financial resources, whether insufficient income to meet daily expenses or the necessary assets (savings, a home) to get ahead. For others, economic hardship is compounded by social isolation. These differences in the severity and depth of poverty matter, especially when it comes to the effects on children
CHILD WELL BEING AND QUALITY OF CHILDCARE International research shows increasing consensus on the factors which make ECEC effective, so that it delivers positive outcomes for children and families (including those who are disadvantaged). These include early efforts (children from age 3) targeting children’s learning and cognitive development in day-care15, and high-quality care both (i.e. well-educated staff, good staffing, systematic curriculum-based efforts with attention to socio-emotional and intellectual development16). Nevertheless, some issues remain unresolved (e.g. At what age can out-of-home education and care begin to benefit the child? What policies can best support parents in caring for children under age 1?).
Early Childhood Education for All

But child care and early childhood education must be a priority. As the Perry study proved, exploring the lives of at-risk African-American children over a 40-year period, child care can be the single greatest difference between success or failure in American society. And as we learned during a Congressional briefing with Legal Momentum on their report this past spring, quality, affordable child care and early education can bring taxpayers undeniable savings.

Economic Impacts of Early Care and Education in California

The human development aspects of the ECE industry also have a significant economic impact on California. Studies of the costs and long-term benefits of high-quality ECE programs have consistently found substantial savings derived over the course of years and decades from reduced need for remedial and special education, reduced incarceration rates, lower rates of teen pregnancy, and many other factors. Analyses of the costs and benefits of ECE have found impressive returns on investment to the public, ranging from $2.69 to $7.16 per dollar invested. Quality ECE can also help foster the development of a productive workforce to meet the future needs of California businesses in light of our state’s changing economy and shifting demographics.

Parents and the High Cost of Child Care 2013 Report This is not just a family issue. With scientific breakthroughs in understanding brain development, it is clear that the early years are a unique period of development and that early experiences form the foundation for future success. Eleven million children younger than age 5 are in some form of child care. Ensuring this care is high-quality, affordable and available for families is crucial to our nation’s ability to produce and sustain an economically viable, competitively positioned workforce. The consequences of the lack of affordable, quality child care are often overlooked, the dots are rarely connected. This does not mean the problems they produce are not real and severe.
Family-Friendly Policy: Lessons from Europe Many working families cannot afford to take unpaid time off.  Parents without paid leave are less likely to take their child or themselves to a doctor when sick.  When they do, many lose their job. One of the leading causes of job loss is taking care of children’s health. In fact, 40 percent of job loss is caused by caring for sick family members, including aging parents.  Nearly half of elderly care is informal, that is, done by family members.
How does high quality child care benefit business and the local economy?

Vital communities are essential for strong businesses. Communities with necessary services such as childcare are better able to attract and retain workers. The public sector invests only about $20-25 billion annually in care and education programs for youngsters from birth to age 5, while spending roughly $500 billion on K-12 and postsecondary education. Just as the nation earlier acknowledged society’s stake in and responsibility for the education of older children and young adults, it is now time to recognize that early education is equally vital to the individual and collective well-being and equally worthy of public support.

Long-Term Economic Benefits of Investing in Early Childhood Programs

Governments at the state and federal level are increasingly interested in bringing the known benefits of early childhood development and enrichment programs to their constituents. Social outcomes, such as lower rates of grade retention, special education placement, adolescent pregnancy, drug use, and crime, are well-documented and provide support for such investments. However, the long-term economic effects, such as job and GDP growth, and increased tax revenues, are harder to pin down. Using data from a program whose longer-term impacts are documented

Preschool Education and Its Lasting Effects: Research and Policy Implications

Because an earlier start and longer duration does appear to produce better results, policies expanding access to children under 4 should prioritize disadvantaged children who are likely to benefit most. More broadly, preschool education policy should be developed in the context of comprehensive public policies and programs to effectively support child development from birth to age 5 and beyond.

Support for children with special educational needs (SEN) Evidence supports early intervention strategies that place the family in a central role. Correspondingly, EADSNE has identified several areas for improvement in order to support families with SEN children77: these include the availability of information; proximity of services through decentralisation; affordable services; interdisciplinary working and cooperation with families; and coordination across and within sectors. Efforts are also required to promote a stable home learning environment by supporting parents through systems of informal care, such as the care that grandparents can provide. Research has found that the home environment within which children with special needs spend much of their early years will again be instrumental in their learning, with the quality of the home learning environment said to be more important for intellectual and social development than parental occupation, education or income.
The Benefits and Costs of Good Child Care The Economic Rationale for Public Investment in Young Children- A Policy Study

Combined with our awareness of the acute need to balance the arguments about the costs and benefits of publicly-funded child care was the imperative posed by the growing body of research on the importance of the early years. The now extensive literature on the relationship between participation in quality early childhood programs and healthy child development allows the authors of this study to factor in positive outcomes for children as a central element in their cost/benefit analysis. While more research on these linkages is needed, this starting point provides a child-centred place for a conventional economic analysis to evaluate child care.

The Benefits of Early Child Development Program: An Economic Analysis This paper provides a framework for estimating the economic benefits of early child development (ECD) programs, and applies it to preliminary data from the PIDI project in Bolivia. "Economic benefits" refer first to the monetary value of the benefits in health, nutritional status, and cognitive and social development that accrue to the children who enroll in ECD programs. To these benefits we need to add benefits to the mother and other family members, to the neighborhood in which the children centers operate, and to society as a whole.
The Economic Promise of Investing in High-Quality Preschool

Early education programs have long been regarded as an important step in preparing children for primary school—but investing in the education of America’s youngest learners has emerged as one of the most promising ways to help strengthen the future economic and fiscal position of our states and nation.

The European Model- What we can learn from how other nations support families that work

To judge from public debates on everything from marriage promotion to educational standards, the United States is exceptionally concerned with the well-being of children. But as American families struggle to balance work and family demands, our government is doing little to help. Parents in countries such as Sweden and France also balance work and family responsibilities. In fact, rates of maternal employment are as high or higher in these countries than in the United States. But parents in these countries are managing competing demands with significantly more help from government.

The Economic Benefits of High-Quality Early Childhood Programs: What Makes the Difference?

It is obvious that these three well-known interventions were conducted with children at-risk of school failure. So I ended my interviews with the researchers by asking them what the implications are of these findings for developing targeted programs just for children at-risk or for developing universally available early childhood programs.

The impact of early education as a strategy in countering socio-economic disadvantage The impact of early education as a strategy in countering socio‐economic disadvantage has been well documented in the research literature. However, what particular characteristics of early education have more impact and how these factors operate to influence the longer term educational achievement of the disadvantaged is not yet well understood. There are key questions which need further exploration. How far and in what ways can early education counter socio economic disadvantage? What particular aspects of early education are critical in improving educational outcomes for the disadvantaged? How do they operate to counter socio‐economic disadvantage? How might early education programmes adopt these successful strategies? What aspects of early education require more supporting evidence? This review looks particularly at the emerging evidence base in relation to these and other related questions
The impact of early education as a strategy in countering socio-economic disadvantage The impact of early education as a strategy in countering socio economic disadvantage has been well documented in the research literature. However, what particular characteristics of early education have more impact and how these factors operate to influence the longer term educational achievement of the disadvantaged is not yet well understood. There are key questions which need further exploration. How far and in what ways can early education counter socio economic disadvantage? What particular aspects of early education are critical in improving educational outcomes for the disadvantaged? How do they operate to counter socio economic disadvantage? How might early education programmes adopt these successful strategies? What aspects of early education require more supporting evidence? This review looks particularly at the emerging evidence base in relation to these and other related questions.
The Secret to Finland's Success With Schools, Moms, Kids—and Everything Inarguably one of the world's most generous -- and successful -- welfare states, the country has a lower infant mortality rate, better school scores, and a far lower poverty rate than the United States, and it's the second-happiest country on earth (the U.S. doesn't break the top 10). According to the OECD, Finns on average give an 8.8 score to their overall life satisfaction. Americans are at 7.5.
The value of childcare

We propose that high quality childcare can be achieved by increasing the wages of childcare workers and routes of progression within the sector. We present a sequence of stylised models which examine the financial implications of this, indicating the potential costs of providing full-time formal childcare (calculated on the basis of 45 hours per week for 52 weeks per year) for all children in England aged 6 to 36 months, at three different wage levels for childcare workers. This cost would be £6,390 per child per year at current wage levels; £7,268 at a Living Wage (at 2012 rates); and £18,075 if childcare workers were paid on a par with primary school teachers. We also model the costs of this to households, which shows that the higher wage scenario would make full-time childcare unaffordable for most families without government support.

Unpaid and Paid Care: The Effects of Child Care and Elder Care on the Standard of Living

The survey of care workforce reveals that women, especially minorities and immigrants from poor households, are likely to benefit from the newly created jobs in the care sector. We conduct policy simulations of social care and infrastructure investments and compare the job creation potentials and distributional consequences. We find that investment in social care provision can generate twice as many jobs as infrastructure construction. At the same time, the jobs created by social care investments are more beneficial for women, the less-educated, and the poor than those created by infrastructure investment: more jobs are likely to be taken by people from disadvantaged groups and the marginal impacts on earnings are highest for them as well.

Will America Ever Be Ready for the Truth about Daycare? The truth is that daycare is one of the greatest tragedies of modern America. We’ve become immune to its reality because we have to. When something becomes a bona fide trend, sanctioned by the masses, what else can we do but succumb to it. So rather than face the truth, politicians and pundits talk about ways to improve it — as if it could be. “America suffers a growing national epidemic of parental absence and disconnection. ‘Quality’ in day care cannot solve the problem. It doesn’t even address it,” writes Dr. Fisher.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As Americans, we can do better.  We need to strive for excellence and a better way of life for our children!!!!
 

 

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